1. Lecture 1: Introduction 4 items
    1. Core readings 4 items
      1. Cross-border trafficking in human beings: Prevention and intervention strategies for reducing sexual exploitation - Peter Van Der Laan, Monika Smit, Inge Busschers, Pauline Aarten

        Document Essential

  2. Lecture 2: Situational Prevention of Organised Crime and Terrorism 12 items
    1. Core readings 5 items
      1. Organized crime, situational crime prevention and routine activity theory - Edward R. Kleemans, Melvin R. J. Soudijn, Anton W. Weenink 2012-9

        Article Essential

      2. The Situational Prevention of Terrorism: An Evaluation of the Israeli West Bank Barrier - Simon Perry, Robert Apel, Graeme R. Newman, Ronald V. Clarke 12/2017

        Article Essential

    2. Additional readings (essential if you have not taken 'Foundations in Crime Science' 3 items
      1. Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis - Richard Wortley and Michael Townsley 2016

        Chapter Essential

      2. Crime Science - Ella Cockbain, Gloria Laycock 29/03/2017

        Book Essential

      3. Situational Crime Prevention - Ronald V. Clarke 2016

        Chapter Essential

    3. Optional readings 4 items
      1. Situational prevention of organised crimes - Karen Bullock, R. V. G. Clarke, Nick Tilley 2010

        Book Optional Please note that you don't need to read the whole book, just the introduction (p.1-16)

      2. Policing Terrorism: an Executive Guide - Graeme R. Newman, Ronald V. Clarke 2008

        Document Optional

      3. To Protect and To Serve. Policing in an Age of Terrorism - David Weisburd, Thomas Feucht, Idit Hakimi, Lois Mock 2009

        Webpage Optional

      4. Situational Crime Prevention and Terrorism: An Assessment of 10 Years of Research - Joshua D. Freilich, Jeff Gruenewald, Marissa Mandala 12/10/2018

        Article Optional

  3. Lecture 3: Economic sanctions for tackling organised crime and terrorism 6 items
    1. Core readings 4 items
      1. Anti-Money Laundering: An Overview - Colin King

        Chapter Essential Two copies of this book are available in the UCL main library.

    2. Optional readings 2 items
  4. Lecture 4: The ‘War on Terror’ 12 items
    1. Core readings 4 items
      1. The Impact of US Drone Strikes on Terrorism in Pakistan - Patrick B. Johnston, Anoop K. Sarbahi 06/2016

        Article Essential

    2. Additional readings 8 items
      1. Counter-Suicide-Terrorism: Evidence from House Demolitions. - Benmelech, Efraim1,2Berrebi, Claude3Klor, Esteban F.3,4 2015

        Article Optional

      2. Counterterrorism Killings and Provisional IRA Bombings, 1970–1998 - Paul Gill, James A. Piazza, John Horgan 26/05/2016

        Article Optional

      3. Sudden Justice: America's Secret Drone Wars - Chris Woods 16 April 2015

        Book Optional

  5. Lecture 5: The ‘War on Drugs’ 6 items
    1. Core readings 2 items
      1. Effect of drug law enforcement on drug market violence: A systematic review - Dan Werb, Greg Rowell, Gordon Guyatt, Thomas Kerr 2011-3

        Article Essential

    2. Additional readings 4 items
  6. Lecture 6: Community and Partnership Approaches to Counter-terrorism 4 items
    1. Core readings 1 item
    2. Additional readings 3 items
  7. Lecture 7: Community and Partnership Approaches to Tackling Organised Crime 13 items
    1. Core readings 3 items
      1. Problem-Oriented Policing, Deterrence, and Youth Violence: An Evaluation of Boston's Operation Ceasefire - ANTHONY A. BRAGA, DAVID M. KENNEDY, ELIN J. WARING, ANNE MORRISON PIEHL 08/2001

        Article Essential

      2. The Effects of Focused Deterrence Strategies on Crime - Anthony A. Braga, David L. Weisburd 08/2012

        Article Essential

    2. Additional readings 10 items
      1. Network Exposure and Homicide Victimization in an African American Community - Andrew V. Papachristos, Christopher Wildeman 01/2014

        Article Optional

      2. Stop It Now! A Pilot Study Into the Limits and Benefits of a Free Helpline Preventing Child Sexual Abuse - Joan Van Horn, Mara Eisenberg, Carol McNaughton Nicholls, Jules Mulder 17/11/2015

        Article Optional

      3. Applied police research: challenges and opportunities 2015

        Book Optional

      4. Violence, culture and policing in Scotland - Carnochan, J., McCluskey, K. 2010

        Chapter Optional

  8. Lecture 8: Lessons from the Field: Practitioners’ Perspectives on Prevention and Disruption 11 items
    1. Core readings 6 items
    2. Additional readings 5 items
  9. Lecture 9: Prevention & disruption in conflict zones 13 items
    1. Core readings 3 items
    2. Additional readings 10 items
      1. Does organized crime exist in Africa? - Stephen Ellis, Mark Shaw 10/2015

        Article Optional

  10. Lecture 10: Conclusion and Essay Workshop 0 items
  11. Old 35 items
    1. Topic 1 - Introduction 5 items
      1. Core Resources 3 items
        1. Both readings are crucial for the next ten weeks. This whole module is interested in data driven approaches. As you'll see as we progress through the 10 weeks, there are actually few studies that meet this criteria. These two readings illustrate the difficulty in developing scientific research on organized crime and terrorism with relation to prevention and disruption.


          The Levi study is focused on organized crime. It explores the possibilities of developing more effective crime reduction strategies in respect of 'organized' crime, an area in which (despite important exceptions, particularly in relation to financial regulation), law enforcement rather than prevention has continued to dominate the thinking and the practical responses of the police and other relevant agencies. It illustrates the difficulties of evaluating prevention in the many areas in which data quality on crime levels and their organisation are poor, but also gives examples (mainly financial crime) where private sector data quality are good enough to demonstrate effectiveness. It differentiates impact on crime from impact on the organisation of crime, and between 'market crimes' involving voluntary vice and 'predatory crimes' involving direct harm to victims, concluding that current performance indicators for enforcement agencies may need substantial revision if the focus shifts to organised crime reduction. 


          The Lum study conducts a systematic review on evaluation research of counter-terrorism strategies. Not only did they discover an almost complete absence of evaluation research on counter-terrorism interventions, but from those evaluations that they could find, it appears that some interventions either did not achieve the outcomes sought or sometimes increased the likelihood of terrorism occurring. Now, bare in mind this study is 8 years old. New research has obviously emerged since then and it is largely these studies that we look to in future weeks.

      2. Optional Resources 2 items
        1. The video this week is a lecture by Tore Bjorgo, a former practitioner and expert on right-wing terrorism. He provides a lecture on terrorism prevention strategies.

    2. Topic 2 - Situational Crime prevention: Organised Crime 13 items
      1. Core Resources 10 items
        1. I'd like you to read the opening chapter of Clarke and Newman's 'Outsmarting the Terrorist' which is freely available below. The chapter provides a broad outline on how SCP applies to terrorism. They outline the key commonalities/differences between ordinary criminals and terrorists across factors such as motivation, determination, planning, opportunity, funding, scale and organization. The chapter concludes with an outline of 20 principles for outsmarting the terrorist. 

        2. Outsmarting the Terrorists - R. V. G. Clarke, Graeme R. Newman

          Book Essential

        3. Please listen to the podcast entitled The Intersections of Criminology and Terrorism Studies with Joshua Freilich linked below. Here Profs. Taylor and Freilich engage in an interesting discussion of the traditional lack of criminological approaches to the study of terrorism, issues concerned with terrorism prevention, and some recently published work.

        4. Organized crime, situational crime prevention and routine activity theory - Edward R. Kleemans, Melvin R. J. Soudijn, Anton W. Weenink 2012-9

          Article Essential

        5. Crime Science - Ella Cockbain, Gloria Laycock 29/03/2017


      2. Optional Resources 3 items
        1. EVIL DONE Terrorism Vulnerability Assessment 29/7/2013

          Audio-visual document Recommended

    3. Topic 4 - Attacking the Economic Bases of Terrorism and OC 6 items
      1. Core Resources 6 items
        1. Criminal Assets Bureau 29/7/2010

          Audio-visual document Essential

    4. Topic 5 - Enforcement Measures 1: 'War' Against Terrorism 1 item
      1. Core Resources 1 item
    5. Topic 6 - Enforcement Measures 2: Legal Frameworks and Controls 1 item
      1. Core Resources 1 item
    6. Topic 7 - Practitioner Perspectives: Fixated Threat Assessment Centre 1 item
      1. Core Resources 1 item
    7. Topic 8 - Individual Treatments/Practitioner Perspectives 2 8 items
      1. Core Resources 3 items
        1. The second hour involves Dr. Braddock outlining what we know about how counter-narratives work from a communication science perspective. The reading can be viewed below and you can find a brief overview of Braddock's work and details of a briefing he recently gave to the Pentagon here:

      2. Optional Resources 5 items
        1. Missing Their Mark: The IRA's Proxy Bomb Campaign - Bloom, Mia ; Horgan, John ; Mia Bloom ; John Horgan

          Journal Recommended

        2. Understanding and Tackling Gang Violence - Karen Bullock, Nick Tilley 2008-2

          Article Recommended

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