This list relates to the academic year Academic Year 2014/15 which ended on 01/07/2015
This list has been archived
    1. Landscapes are never inert: people engage with them, re-work them, appropriate and contest them. They form a fundamental way in which identities are created and disputed. Criss-crossing between history and politics, social relations and cultural perceptions, landscape is a concept of 'high tension'. It is also an area of study that blows apart the conventional boundaries between the disciplines. Landscapes form a subject of study for anthropologists, archaeologists, human geographers, art historians and historians and sociologists amongst others.

    1. Transcending traditional disciplinary boundaries the aim of this course is to try and understand and analyse both the ways in which people experience and engage with their material world in different times, different places, different contexts and the different theoretical approaches to such experiences. The course will introduce you to a broad range of empirical studies of landscapes providing the basis for a wide comparative understanding. It will relate an understanding of landscape to broader questions of anthropological theory and practice from the specific perspective of material culture studies. It will help to develop a critical awareness of the literature and research practices.

    1. (1) There will be a lecture lasting for between one and two hours each week. This will normally be divided into two parts, the first part discussing theoretical perspectives and conceptual issues, the second introducing particular examples and case studies. This will take place on Tuesdays 9-11am in Roberts Lecture Theatre 508


      (2) There will be a one hour seminar every week. These will take place on  Wednesday and Thursday. You will be assigned to a tutorial group at the beginning of term.


      You will be assigned to one of these seminar slots. Please note the first seminar session is during the second week of term following the lecture during the first week. i.e. in the week starting Monday 19th January. This seminar will focus on the ESSENTIAL readings listed below. The discussion will be led each week by at least four students. Attendance at these seminars is compulsory and the essential readings need to have been read by all students to form a basis for group discussion. You are expected to spend at least five hours reading for this course each week of the term. Attendance at these seminars will be monitored and students who fail to come on a regular basis will have failed the course. Reasons for absence must be emailed to me or the Tutorial Assistant in advance.  


  4. ASSESSMENT 1 item
    1. By Monday 23rd February each student should hand in a  draft proposal for their coursework essay on ONE side of A4 paper. HARD copy please- no emails! This should include the proposed title, an outline of what will be discussed and readings to be done. I will check this over to see if it is OK and discuss it with you individually if I do not think it is viable. It should be left in my pigeonhole. The course is assessed by ONE 4,000 word essay (excluding references). The topic may be taken from (1) the list of essay titles at the end of this course outline directly relating to the seminars and lectures OR (2) Relate to the other topics on this reading list not covered in classes OR (3) you may choose your own topic.



      The deadline for submitting essays is Wednesday May 6th (12 noon). This should be done electronically using the UCL Moodle system. Once you are enrolled on this course within the Dept of Anthropology you will automatically be enrolled on its corresponding module on AnthroMoodle, which can be accessed via the internet at UCL or from home. The course code and name are the same as the ones on top of this reading list. Go to and use your user-id and password to access the course. On the course page simply follow the link for electronic submission to submit your work. Do not include photos or illustrations in the electronic copy. If students are found to have failed to submit an electronic version they will receive no marks and will fail the course. If you want to submit colour photos and illustrations as part of your essay you should hand in two hard copies for marking as well to Keiko at the front desk. 



      Since this course is assessed entirely on the basis of one long essay more will obviously be required of you than for a normal or shorter coursework essay in a course that is also assessed on the basis of a written examination. Essential readings relating to a number of the individual course themes will be relevant to anything that you write and should be creatively used to structure your arguments. The essays should include reference to a wide range of literature going beyond the essential readings related to any one particular topic. At this stage, using references in the literature, you ought to be able to find and use a wide range of materials both from the course reading list and beyond it. The essays could be simply literature reviews or involve a bit of personal research or project work as well e.g. describing and analyzing a landscape or place known to you. This is your chance to be creative. Use it! Here are a few topics students have written essays on during the last couple of years


      Kew Gardens: A Phenomenological Perspective

      Sensory Dimensions of Brick Lane

      Waterloo Railway Station as a Place

      Camden Market

      Hampstead Heath

      Walking the South Bank

      Utopia and landscape

      The Angel of the North

      London Parks and Gardens

      Literary representations of Place

      The experience of train travel in England

      Highgate Cemetery

      Portobello Road

      Shopping in Selfridges

      The Berlin Wall

      Walking footpaths

      Wordsworth country

      Dwelling on a houseboat

      The Regents Canal

      Walking in the Norwegian Mountains

      Foot and mouth disease and landscape


    1. All the ESSENTIAL readings for this course (with a few exceptions because of copyright restrictions) are included in the on-line reading list set up for this course. Go to: to access the on-line reading list. The readings should all be listed for this module (ANTH GC21 or see ANTH3020).




      In addition to the DMS Watson Science library books and journals relevant to all or some of the course themes are available from


      The Institute of Archaeology library, Gordon Sq. (5th floor)

      The Senate House Library, Malet Street

      The Bartlett School of Architecture Library

      The Anthropology Library at the British Museum

      The UCL Main Library

      SOAS library


      Developing research skills is in part about learning how to use library resources and in London we are fortunate enough to have many.

  8. FIELD TRIP 1 item


      A one day optional fieldtrip is planned to look at the Stonehenge landscape in Wiltshire on Saturday 14th March. The intention is to visit Stonehenge and other contemporary and later monuments in its vicinity and walk through this landscape. A coach will be leaving Gordon Square at 9am and should arrive at Stonehenge around 11am. Because of restrictions imposed by English Heritage it will not be possible to actually enter the stone circle but the main point of the trip anyway is to appreciate it in terms of its landscape setting. The itinerary will be as follows:


      Walk the perimeter of Stonehenge

      Winterbourne Stoke barrow Bronze Age barrow cemetery and Neolithic long barrow (lunch)

      Woodhenge and Durrington Walls henge monuments

      The Cursus

      Walk the path of the Avenue leading to Stonehenge

      Return to London


      The total cost of this trip (which pays for the coach hire and driver) will be £15. Payment should be given to Keiko Homewood in the Departmental Office, who will do the bookings, no later than Tuesday 4th March. Places on the coach are limited so book early. The fee is non-refundable if you don't turn up and the coach will not wait for anyone who is late. You will need to wear suitable shoes/boots for wet and muddy conditions and bring suitable rain clothes. You will also need to bring your own packed lunch and drink.


  9. GENERAL READINGS 14 items

      The following books will be useful for most of the topics considered in this course

    2. Landscape: politics and perspectives - Barbara Bender 1993


    3. Contested landscapes: movement, exile and place - Margot Winer, Barbara Bender 2001


    4. A phenomenology of landscape: places, paths, and monuments - Christopher Y. Tilley 1994


    5. Senses of place - Keith H. Basso, Steven Feld 1996


    6. The anthropology of landscape: perspectives on place and space - Eric Hirsch,, Michael O'Hanlon, 1995


    7. The interpretation of ordinary landscapes: geographical essays - John Brinckerhoff Jackson, D. W. Meinig 1979


    8. The perception of the environment: essays on livelihood, dwelling and skill - Tim Ingold 2000


    9. Understanding ordinary landscapes - Todd W. Bressi, Paul Erling Groth c1997


    10. For space - Doreen B. Massey 2005


    11. Handbook of landscape archaeology - Julian Thomas, Bruno David c2008


    12. Interpreting landscapes: geologies, topographies, identities - Christopher Y. Tilley c2010


    13. Landscapes beyond land: routes, aesthetics, narratives - Arnar Árnason 2012


    Landscapes are often related in a profound way to the personal biographies of individuals and groups. We will discuss this in relation to the manner in which novelists and journalists, literary theorists, human geographers and anthropologists have expressed this in various ways. We will examine how this might be related to more abstract and distanciated accounts provided in the social and historical sciences. In the lecture the example of Blackmore’s novel Lorna Doone will be examined in some detail and its impact on the representation of the Exmoor National Park in south-west England.
    1. Essential Readings: 11 items
      1. 1.) Novelists/Journalists

      2. These are brief extracts and enjoyable! Choose ONE of the following three readings:

      3. Jack's garden - V.S. Naipaul

        Chapter  Digitised reading

      4. Mariah - Jamaica Kincaid 1989


      5.  Coster, G. (1991) 'Another country', Guardian June 2: 4-6

      6. 2.) Literary Criticism

      7. 3.) Anthropology

      8. Memories - Marc Augé 2002

        Chapter  Digitised reading

      9. 4.) Human Geography

      10. Ordering England - David Matless 1998

        Chapter  Digitised reading

    2. Background Readings: 8 items
      1. Interpretive ethnography: ethnographic practices for the 21st century - Norman K. Denzin c1997

        Book  Chapter: ‘Visual truth and the ethnographic project’

      2. More of the age than the islands - Trevor Rowley 2006

        Article  Feature: British Archaeology 91, November/December 2006

      3. Letter to Laura - Fay Weldon 1984

        Chapter  in R. Mabey (ed.) Second Nature, London: Jonathan Cape: 67-73.

      4. In Stevenson’s Footsteps - R Holmes 1984

        Article  Granta 10: Travel Writing | Archive | Granta Magazine

      5. Austerlitz - Winfried Georg Sebald c2001

        Book  pp 181-198

      6. Introduction: landscape: meaning and action - Barbara Bender

        Chapter  From B. Bender (ed.) Landscape: Politics and Perspectives, Oxford: Berg in Teaching Collection (SCIENCE 306)

  11. WEEK TWO: 'NATURE' AND 'CULTURE' 10 items
    A distinction between 'nature' and 'culture' has been one of the key distinctions in modern thought. Thinking about nature has provided a primary means of defining what culture and society are. In various ways this distinction has always been central to anthropological thought. In cultural ecological approaches nature has been regarded as shaping, or determining, human action demanding an adaptive response. Alternatively, in symbolic and structuralist and post-structuralist approaches nature is often regarded as a kind of blank environmental slate on which people, more or less arbitrarily, impose their own cognized realities. The roots of culture may be regarded as residing in nature, or alternatively nature is referred to as a cultural construction. These lectures discuss ways in which recent thinking has challenged and attempted to overcome this binary opposition and address the question of what nature now means in our own culture.
    1. Essential Readings: 4 items
      1. Protecting nature: science and the sacred - Kay Milton

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

    2. Background Readings: 6 items
      1. In the eye of the beholder: readings of the country - V. Strang

        Chapter  Chapter: 'In the eye of the beholder: readings of the country'

      2. Discourses of the environment - Éric Darier 1999


      3. Contested natures - Phil MacNaughten, John Urry 1998


      4. Redefining nature: ecology, culture, and domestication - R. F. Ellen, Katsuyoshi Fukui 1996


      5. Nature, culture and gender - Carol P. MacCormack, Marilyn Strathern 1980


    Who are we? What binds us together and what makes us different from others? What is our past and where is our future? How do make a place for ourselves in the world? What are our traditions and how do we react to the new? How do we represent ourselves and what is important to us? These are all classic questions of social identity. Such issues have come to the fore in social theory during the past two decades. This week we will consider what social identity is and the manner in which places, things and representations serve to materialize or objectify identities in various ways. The first two Essential readings for this week and all the Background readings are theoretical. The second two readings consider two specific examples: identity in relation to an experience of being on the global periphery and in relation to the construction of ethnicity.
    1. Essential Readings: 5 items
      1. The production of locality - Arjun Appadurai

        Chapter  Digitised reading

      2. From places to non-places - Marc Augé

        Chapter  Digitised reading pp 75-115

      3. Non-places: introduction to an anthropology of supermodernity - Marc Augé, John Howe 1995

        Book  Most of "Prologue" available via Google preview pp 1-5

      4. Domesticating High Places - Veronica della Dora

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

    2. Background Readings: 14 items
      1. Identity and reflexivity on the periphery - B. Karlsson 1998

        Chapter  in A. Hornborg and M. Kurkiala (eds.) Voices of the Land, Lund: Lund University Press

      2. Consuming places - John Urry 1995


      3. A place in the world?: places, cultures and globalization - Doreen B. Massey, P. M. Jess c1995


      4. Locality and belonging - Nadia Lovell 1998


      5. Place: a short introduction - Tim Cresswell 2012


      6. For space - Doreen B. Massey 2005


      7. Identity and difference - Kath Woodward 1997


      8. Cultural identity and global process - Jonathan Friedman 1994


      9. Modernity and self-identity: self and society in the late modern age - Anthony Giddens 1991


      10. Questions of cultural identity - Stuart Hall, Paul Du Gay 1996


      11. Imagined communities: reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism - Benedict R. O'G. Anderson 2006


      12. Banal nationalism - Michael Billig 1995


    This week we will look at the manner in which a consideration of landscape can inform an understanding of social identity and its construction from a phenomenological perspective. Landscapes are not just backdrops to human action. People both make them, and are made by them. Landscapes articulate people, places, movement, histories and traditions, moral values and politics.
    1. Essential Readings: 5 items
      1. Stalking with stories: names, places and moral narratives among the western Apache - K. Basso 1984

        Chapter  Digitised reading; In E. Bruner (ed.) Text, Play and Story, Prospect Heights: Waveland Press

      2. Feet following hooves - P. Gooch 2008

        Chapter  Digitised reading

    2. Background Readings: 14 items
      1. Walking the past in the present - C Tilley 2012

        Chapter  in Arnason, A., Ellison, N., Vergunst, J. and Whitehouse, A. (eds.) (2012) Landscapes Beyond Land, Oxford: Berghahn

      2. Building, dwelling, living: how animals and peoples make themselves at home in the world - Tim Ingold 2011

        Chapter  in T. Ingold The Perception of the Environment, London: Routledge

      3. Being- in- the- market versus being-in-the-plaza: material culture and the construction of social reality in Spanish America’ - M Richardson 2003

        Chapter  In S. Low and D. Lawrence-Zuniga The Anthropology of Space and Place, Oxford: Blackwell

      4. From Body to Place to Landscape : A Phenomenological Perspective - C. Y. Tilley

        Chapter  Explorations in Landscape Phenomenology I, Oxford: Berg Chapter 1

      5. Body and image: explorations in landscape phenomenology 2 - Christopher Y. Tilley, Wayne Bennett c2008

        Book  (Chapter 1 and conclusions)

      6. Landscape and the reproduction of the ancestral past - H. Morphy 1995

        Chapter  in E. Hirsch and M. O'Hanlon (eds.) The Anthropology of Landscape, Oxford: Clarendon Press

      7. The temporality of the landscape - Tim Ingold


      8. The temporality of the landscape - Tim Ingold 2011

        Chapter  in T. Ingold The Perception of the Environment, London: Routledge

      9. Theoretical landscapes: On cross-cultural conceptions of knowledge - A. Salmond 1982

        Chapter  in D. Parkin (ed.) Semantic Anthropology, London: Academic Press

      10. The beach in the sky - Christopher Y. Tilley

        Chapter  in C. Tilley Metaphor and Material Culture, Oxford: Blackwell

      11. Landscape: politics and perspectives - Barbara Bender 1993


      12. Navajo sacred places - Klara B. Kelley, Harris Francis c1994


      13. Tree leaf talk: a Heideggerian anthropology - James F. Weiner 2001


    Landscapes are nearly always contested: they mean different things to different people and are bound up with ideological struggles.
    1. Essential Readings: 6 items
      1. The first two readings specifically concern the contemporary politics of Stonehenge. The other readings consider other cases of landscapes in contestation.

      2. Biography, ecology, political economy: seascape and conflict in Jamaica - J. Carrier 2003

        Chapter  Digitised reading; In P. Stewart and A. Strathern (eds.) Landscape, Memory and History: Anthroplogical Perspectives, London: Pluto Press

      3. Whose New Forest? Making place on the urban/rural fringe - A. Garner

        Chapter  in Contested landscapes : movement, exile and place by Bender, Barbara, Winer, Margot, Berg, 2001. Note: Held in Teaching Collection: SCIENCE 6194

      4. Colonialism, history and the construction of place: the politics of landscape in northern Australia - H. Morphy 1993

        Chapter  Digitised reading; In B. Bender (ed.) Landscape: Politics and Perspectives, Oxford: Berg

    2. Background Readings: 7 items
      1. Landscapes of separation: relections on the symbolism of by-pass roads in Palestine - T. Selwyn 2001

        Chapter  in B. Bender and M. Winer (eds.) Contested Landscapes: Movement, Exile and Place, Oxford: Berg

      2. Intersecting Belfast - N. Jarman 1993

        Chapter  in B. Bender (ed,) Landscape: Politics and Perspectives, Oxford: Berg

      3. New age travellers: vanloads of uproarious humanity - Kevin Hetherington 2000

        Book  Chapter 3: 70-90

      4. Uncanny Australia - K. Gelder, J. M. Jacobs 1995

        Article  Extract in Teaching Collection (SCIENCE 2261 ); Only print journal held at UCL

      5. Archaeology in reverse: the flow of Aboriginal people and their remains through the space of New South Wales - D. Byrne 2004

        Chapter  in N. Merriman (ed.) Public Archaeology, London: Routledge

      6. They never ask the people: Native views about the Ninivak wilderness - K. Pratt

        Chapter  in E. Burch and L. Ellana (eds.) Key Issues in Hunter-Gatherer Research, pp. 333-36

    For millions of people gardens constitute their most significant everyday landscapes. They lie between 'culture' and 'nature' a theme discussed earlier in the course. They are material objectifications of ideas and values in which people present themselves to themselves and others. They may represent in a material form both personal biographies and social relations. However, gardens do not necessarily passively reflect either personal values or relationships between people. They may form a part in actively constructing and creating these relationships. In other words they are as much about process and event as form and content. Through gardens and the material practices of gardening gender, familial and community relationships may be reproduced or negotiated and transformed. In the garden we may see concentrated an entire cluster of ideas and aspirations about the environment and a desirable way of living, some conscious and declared others unconscious and unintended manifesting themselves as part of a practical logic of cultivation in which there may be as often as not a significant gap between what people say and do. The garden as a means to order and control nature has provided some of the root metaphors for western culture. This week we look at the meaning of gardens and gardening with a case study from Sweden based on my ongoing fieldwork, and in relation to the English tradition of landscape gardening.
    1. Essential Readings: 4 items
      1. Building sites and cultivating places - Edward S. Casey

        Chapter Essential Digitised reading

      2. Humphry Repton and the improvement of the estate - Stephen Daniels

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

      3. The garden as idea, place and action - M. Francis, R.T. Hester 1995

        Chapter  Digitised reading; In M. Francis and R. Hester (eds,.) The Meanings of Gardens, Cambridge, Ma: MIT Press

    2. Background Readings: 20 items
      1. The Sensory Dimensions of Gardening - Christopher Tilley 2006


      2. What gardens mean - C. Tilley 2009

        Chapter  in P. Vannini (ed.) Material Culture and Technology in Everyday Life, New York: Peter Lang, pp. 171-92

      3. What gardens mean - Stephanie Ross 1998


      4. Sacred gardens and landscapes: ritual and agency - Michel Conan 2007


      5. The allotment: its landscape and culture - David Crouch, Colin Ward [2003]


      6. The story of gardening - Penelope Hobhouse c2002


      7. From woollen carpet to grass carpet: bridging house and garden in an English suburb - Sophie Chevalier 1998

        Chapter  in D. Miller (ed.) Material Cultures, London: UCL Press

      8. The allotment: its landscape and culture - David Crouch, Colin Ward 2003


      9. The meaning of gardens: idea, place, and action - Mark Francis, Randolph T. Hester c1990


      10. Pine, ponds and pebbles: gardens and visual culture - J. Hendry 1997


      11. Social meanings of residential gardens - C. Grampp 1990


      12. The story of gardening - Martin Hoyles c1991


      13. The American lawn - Georges Teyssot c1999


      14. For those who are interested other articles can be found in a new journal Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landscapes and in the journal Landscape Research

    This week we concentrate on urban landscapes and the manner in which they are lived and experienced. The essential readings are concerned with the character of urban experiences and the manner in which can conceptualize these. There are three particular themes (i) the notion that we can talk about a post-modern urban landscape that is distinctively different; (ii) walking in the city and the phenomenological unmderstanding of urban spaces; (iii) the effects of globalization; diasporas and migrations of people.
    1. Essential Readings: 6 items
      1. Inside exopolis: everyday life in the postmodern world - Edward, W. Soja

        Chapter  Digitised reading : Chapter 2: is in the Teaching Collection at: SCIENCE 6254.- "The trialectics of spatiality"/Edward W. SOJA

      2. City of quartz: excavating the future in Los Angeles - Davis, Mike 2006

        Book Recommended Includes the chapter "Fortress L.A. "

      3. Walking in the City - Michel de Certeau

        Chapter Recommended

      4. Attempt at the rhythmanalysis of Mediterranean cities - Henri Lefebvre, Catherine Regulier

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

      5. Peripatetic imagery and peripatetic sense of place - Paul, C. Adams

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

    2. Background Readings: 14 items
      1. Planet of slums - Mike Davis 2006


      2. Cities: reimagining the urban - Ash Amin, N. J. Thrift 2002


      3. Postmodernism or the cultural logic of late capitalism - Fredric Jameson 1991


      4. The urban experience - David Harvey c1989

        Book  Chapter 7

      5. The practice of everyday life: Volume 2: Living and cooking - Michel de Certeau, Timothy J. Tomasik, Pierre Mayol, Luce Giard c1998

        Book  Chapters 3 and 4

      6. Theorizing the city: the new urban anthropology reader - Setha M. Low c1999


      7. Experience and materialism - R. Wolin 1989


      8. The city cultures reader - Malcolm Miles, Tim Hall, Iain Borden 2004


      9. Spaces of capital: towards a critical geography - David Harvey c2001


      10. The dialectics of seeing: Walter Benjamin and the Arcades project - Susan Buck-Morss 1991, c1989


    We will consider how place and landscape relate to a globalized world involving diasporas and flows of people across the globe connected with migration and displacement, tourism and the heritage industries. What do landscapes mean in exile? How do you make yourself at home in a place? What kinds of visions of landscapes and places are created by the interlinked tourism and heritage industries? How do peoples materialize history and tradition in the establishment of social identities through things? Is there a fundamental difference between ideas about history and the past between industrialized and small-scale societies?
    1. Essential Readings: 6 items
      1. Living in a post-traditional society - A. Giddens 1994

        Chapter  Digitised reading; In U. Beck, A. Giddens and S. Lash Reflexive Modernization, Cambridge: Polity

      2. A place in history: social and monumental time in a Cretan town - Michael Herzfeld 2003

        Chapter  Digitised reading; In S. Low and D. Lawrence-Zuniga (eds.) The Anthropology of Space and Place, Oxford: Blackwell

      3. Gazing on history - John Urry

        Chapter Recommended Digitised reading

      4. The tourist gaze 3.0 - John Urry, Jonas Larsen 2011

        Book  E-book, but later edition. Does not include text of digitised chapter in previous item

      5. Hunting down home: reflections on homeland and the search for identity - P. Basu 2001

        Chapter  Digitised reading; In B. Bender and M. Winer (eds.) Contested Landscapes of Movement, Exile and Place, Oxford: Berg

      6. Up, across and along - Tim Ingold

        Chapter  Digitised reading

    2. Background Readings: 23 items
      1. Tourism: 10 items
        1. Performing culture in the global village - C. Tilley


        2. The tourist image: myths and myth making in tourism - Tom Selwyn c1996

          Book  "Introduction" In Teaching Collection (INST ARCH 1598 )

        3. Tourists and tourism: identifying with people and places - Simone Abram, Jacqueline Waldren, Donald V. L. Macleod 1997


        4. Hosts and guests: the anthropology of tourism - Valene L. Smith c1989


        5. Empty meeting grounds: the tourist papers - Dean MacCannell 1992


        6. Coping with tourists: European reactions to mass tourism - Jeremy Boissevain 1996


        7. Touring cultures: transformations of travel and theory - Chris Rojek, John Urry 1997


      2. Heritage and the Past: 4 items
        1. Highland homecomings: genealogy and heritage tourism in the Scottish diaspora - Paul Basu 2007


        2. The death of archaeology: Contesting archaeological governance in Australia - Laurajane Smith 2004

          Chapter  in L. Smith Archaeological Theory and the Politics of Cultural Heritage, London: Routledge, pp. 174-94

      3. 'Natural' Parks 3 items
      4. Movement and exile: 6 items
        1. Global diasporas: an introduction - Robin Cohen 2008


        2. Loss: transmissions, recognitions, authorisations - S. Feuchtwang 2003

          Chapter  in K. Hodgkin and S. Radstone (eds.) Regimes of Memory, London: Routledge

        3. Routes: travel and translation in the late twentieth century - James Clifford 1999


        4. Siting culture: the shifting anthropological object - Kirsten Hastrup, Karen Fog Olwig 1997


        5. Migrants of identity: perceptions of home in a world of movement - Andrew H. Dawson, Nigel Rapport 1998


  18. Topics: 71 items
    The following is a list of topics and references to themes related to the conceptualization of place and landscape not covered in the lectures or seminars which would also make suitable essay topics.
    1. Trees and Woodland: 8 items
      1. The rootedness of trees: Place as cultural and natural texture in rural southwest Congo - F De Boeck 1988

        Chapter  in N. Lovell (ed.) Locality and Belonging, London: Routledge

      2. Landscape and memory - Simon Schama 1996


      3. Tree cultures: the place of trees and trees in their place - Owain Jones, Paul J. Cloke 2002


      4. The history of the countryside - Oliver Rackham 1986


      5. The political iconography of woodland in later Georgian England’ - S Daniels 1998

        Chapter  in D. Cosgrove and S, Daniels (eds.) The Iconography of Landscape, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

      6. The heritage trees of Britain & Northern Ireland - Jon Stokes, Donald Rodger 2004


    2. Landscape and Landscape art 11 items
      1. On Landscape Painting 3 items
        1. The iconography of landscape: essays on the symbolic representation, design and use of past environments - Denis E. Cosgrove, Stephen Daniels 1988


        2. Landscape and power - W. J. T. Mitchell c2002


        3. Inside culture: art and class in the American home - David Halle 1993

          Book  Chapter: ‘Empty terrain: the vision of landscape in the residences of contemporary Americans’

      2. On Landscape Art: 8 items
        1. Art and the Re-Presentation of the Past - Christopher Tilley, Sue Hamilton and Barbara Bender 2000


        2. Gardens, earthworks and environmental art - S. Ross 1993

          Chapter  in S. Kemal and I. Gaskell (eds.) Landscape, Natural Beauty and the Arts, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

        3. A Solo Ecology: the Erratic Art of Andy Goldsworthy - D. Matless, G. Revill 01/10/1995


        4. Art in nature - Vittorio Fagone, László Beke 1996


        5. Stone - Andy Goldsworthy 1994


        6. What gardens mean - Stephanie Ross 1998


        7. Denatured visions: landscape and culture in the twentieth century - Stuart Wrede, William Howard Adams c1991


    3. Readings about the archaeology of the Stonehenge Landscape 7 items
      1. Understanding the Neolithic - Julian Thomas c1999

        Book  Chapter: Understanding the Neolithic

      2. Fragments from antiquity: an archaeology of social life in Britain, 2900-1200 BC - John C. Barrett 1993

        Book  Chapters 1 and 2

      3. Science and Stonehenge - Colin Renfrew, Barry W. Cunliffe 1997


      4. Stonehenge: the story so far - Julian C. Richards 2006


      5. Stonehenge in its landscape: twentieth-century excavations - Rosamund Cleal, K. E. Walker, R. Montague 1995


    4. Walking in the City 11 items
      1. The practice of everyday life: Volume 2: Living and cooking - Michel de Certeau, Timothy J. Tomasik, Pierre Mayol, Luce Giard c1998

        Book  Chapters 3 and 4

      2. Spaces of capital: towards a critical geography - David Harvey c2001

        Book  Chapter A view from federal hill

      3. ‘Visual landscapes of a streetcar suburb’ - J Borchert 1997


      4. The dialectics of seeing: Walter Benjamin and the Arcades project - Susan Buck-Morss 1991, c1989


      5. The painter of modern life and other essays - Charles Baudelaire, Jonathan Mayne 1995


      6. The Flâneur - Keith Tester c1994


      7. Fieldwork on foot - J Lee, T Ingold


      8. Ways of walking: ethnography and practice on foot - Tim Ingold, Jo Lee Vergunst c2008


      9. Finding the Way - Kirill V. Istomin, Mark J. Dwyer 02/2009


    5. Land, Tradition and Identity in Melanesia 12 items
      1. In Oceania: visions, artifacts, histories - Nicholas Thomas 1997


      2. Narratives of Nation in the South Pacific - Nicholas Thomas 1997


      3. History and tradition in Melanesian anthropology - James G. Carrier c1992


      4. Making history: Pukapukan and anthropological constructions of knowledge - Robert Borofsky, David Friedman 1996, c1987


      5. History and ethnicity - Elizabeth Tonkin, Maryon McDonald, Malcolm Chapman 1989


    6. Sensuous Landscapes 11 items
      1. These readings link in closely with phenomenological approaches to landscape

      2. Skinscapes, embodiment, culture and the environment - D. Howes


      3. The pleasures of touch - Y. F. Tuan


      4. The taste of ethnographic things: the senses in anthropology - Paul Stoller c1989


      5. The auditory culture reader - Michael Bull, Les Back 2003


    7. Maps and Mapping 11 items
      1. Deconstructing the map - J. Harley


      2. Knowledges: culture, counterculture, subculture - Peter Worsley c1997


      3. The power of maps - Denis Wood 1992


      4. Ancestral connections: art and an aboriginal system of knowledge - Howard Morphy 1991

        Book  Chapter 10

      5. Land in Solomon Islands - Waita Ben, Peter Larmour c1979


      6. Land, people and paper in Western Amazonia - P. Gow 1995

        Chapter  In The anthropology of landscape: perspectives on place and space, (ed.) E. Hirsch and M. O’Hanlon, 43-62. Oxford: Clarendon.

      7. The construction of cognitive maps - Juval Portugali 1996


  19. Essay Titles: 2 items
    1. (A) Relating to the topics discussed in the lectures and seminars: 1 item
      1. 1.      Discuss the relationship between landscape, place and personal identity

        2.      Analyze the manner in which landscape and place are emplotted in two novels of your own choice

        3.      'Nature' and culture are contested concepts. Discuss

        4.      How is place related to the construction of identities?

        5.      What kind of research does a phenomenological approach to landscape inspire?

        6.      Discuss the relationship between politics and place and landscape using specific examples

        7.      Compare and contrast landscape gardens with vernacular gardens

        8.      To what extent is the 'post-modern' city a cultural reality/ Discuss with examples.

        9.      How do heritage and tourism construct visions of landscapes? Discuss with reference to examples

        10. What effect does human displacement have on the manner in which people construct a sense of identity in relation to landscape and place?

    2. (B) Relating to the topics not discussed in the lectures and seminars 1 item
      1. 1.      Discuss the social and political significance of trees and woodland

        2.      How does landscape art differ from gallery art?

        3.      Discuss the prehistory and material culture of the Stonehenge landscape

        4.      How does land relate to social identity in Melanesia?

        5.      Discuss landscapes from a sensuous point of view

        6.      Analyze the powers of different kinds of maps

        7.    Discuss the lived experience of walking in the city

    3. (C) Make up your own question (see top of course outline 0 items
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